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Cadmium Toxicity

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(Cadmium Poisoning)

 

Symptoms

Eating food or drinking water contaminated with high levels of cadmium can result in:
Breathing in cadmium can result in:
  • Flu-like symptoms, such as body aches, chills, weakness
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of the nose, pharynx, and larynx—with chronic inhalation
Lung Damage from Toxic Inhalation
Lung infection chemical inhalation
The damaged lung tissue (bottom) has a buildup of green mucus and thickened walls compared to healthy tissue (top).
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
There is no conclusive evidence that cadmium can cause lung cancer but, as a precaution, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has classified cadmium as a probable carcinogen in humans.

RESOURCES

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov

United States Environmental Protection Agency
http://www.epa.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
http://www.ccohs.ca

References


Cadmium compounds. Environmental Protection Agency website. Available at: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/hlthef/cadmium.html. Revised January 2000. Accessed April 3, 2013.


Cadmium poisoning. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated May 11, 2010. Accessed April 3, 2013.


Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Textbook of Internal Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2008.


Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 16th ed. McGraw Hill; 2005.


Marx JA, et al. Rosen's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, Inc.; 2009.


Public health statement for cadmium. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry website. Available at: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/phs/phs.asp?id=46&tid=15. Updated September 2012. Accessed April 3, 2013.


Safety and health topics: cadmium. US Department of Labor, Occupational Safety & Health Administration website. Available at: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/cadmium. Accessed April 3, 2013.


ToxFAQs for cadmium. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry website. Available at: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/tf.asp?id=47&tid=15. Updated April 2, 2013. Accessed April 3, 2013.

 

Revision Information

Review Date: 02/2014
  • Update Date: 03/18/2013